By Thomas Philipp
Thomas Philipp's examine of Acre combines the main large use thus far of neighborhood Arabic resources with advertisement files in Europe to make clear a sector and tool middle many establish because the starting of contemporary Palestinian heritage. The 3rd greatest urban in eighteenth-century Syria—after Aleppo and Damascus—Acre was once the capital of a politically and economically distinctive zone at the Mediterranean coast that incorporated what's this day northern Israel and southern Lebanon. within the eighteenth century, Acre grew dramatically from a small fishing village to a fortified urban of a few 25,000 population. funds plants (first cotton, then grain) made Acre the guts of exchange and political strength and associated it inextricably to the realm economic system. Acre used to be markedly varied from different towns within the sector: its city society consisted virtually completely of immigrants looking their fortune.
The upward push and fall of Acre within the eighteenth and 19th centuries, Thomas Philipp argues,...
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Additional resources for Acre. The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian City, 1730-1831
During this period Jaffa changed hands six times, suffering at least three devastating sieges. Nor does the story end here. Control over Jaffa seems to have reverted to Nablus, and indirectly to the governor of Damascus after the death of Ẓāhīr al-‘Umar and Abū ‘l-Dhahab in 1775. As late as 1792 Jaffa was a refuge for the French merchants from Acre—beyond the reach of Aḥmad Pasha al-Jazzār. When the French army under Napoleon, however, moved in 1799 from Egypt to Syria, al-Jazzār’s troops defended Jaffa in a bitter siege which ended with the execution of these troops after their surrender.
But in the eighteenth century Acre witnessed a dramatic rise in its fortunes, making it in 1785 the third largest city in Syria—after Aleppo and Damascus—and the largest port on the Syrian coast. By that time it had become the capital of a major politically integrated area in southwest Syria. Acre was the key to the first region in the eastern Mediterranean that was tied into the modern world economy. The rise of Acre from a fishing village to an important fortified port city of perhaps 25,000 inhabitants was closely connected with the ever-rising demand for cotton in Europe.
Originally this was the result of Colbert’s reorganization of the Chamber of Commerce of Marseilles, but soon the rapidly increasing French demand for silk and raw cotton became the driving force behind the revival. By the middle of the eighteenth century the French had replaced the British as the most important European commercial power in Aleppo. Earlier and more important, however, was the development of French trade with the Syrian coastal cities from Jaffa to Tripoli. In the hinterland of these port cities silk and cotton cultivation increased steadily.
Acre. The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian City, 1730-1831 by Thomas Philipp