By The African Development Bank
The book of the African improvement file 2008/2009 comes at a time whilst a few lengthy civil conflicts in Africa have ended whereas a few international locations proceed to event violent clash or the specter of its incidence. The termination of a few of the long-drawn-out conflicts bargains hopes for lasting peace and safeguard in Africa, a sine qua non for the continent to improve. however it additionally increases a couple of demanding situations to make sure a winning post-conflict transition. The international locations involved usually are not able to adopt such efforts on their lonesome. hence, exterior help is key to post-conflict restoration. nonetheless, the endurance of clash in another international locations warrants a persevered enquiry into the character and motives of clash in Africa and a look for acceptable conflict-resolution ideas. by contrast heritage, the document investigates the character, reasons and outcomes of clash in Africa. It assesses conflict-resolution and peacebuilding options after which makes a speciality of rules to assist the transition from clash to peace and fiscal restoration. eventually, it highlights the African improvement Bank's aid to fragile states, that are regularly international locations rising from clash. The record identifies huge wisdom gaps and an absence of consensus at the reasons of clash in Africa. It exhibits that the results of clash usually unfold way past nationwide borders, and that nearby and overseas efforts are severe to clash solution. The file emphasizes the necessity for powerful nationwide associations to underpin the method of country construction generally, and peacebuilding and financial restoration specifically. The file contributes to the controversy on powerful options to avoid and finish conflicts in Africa, and facilitate post-conflict restoration and reconstruction. it's a must-read for policymakers, practitioners and students, and certainly for all people with an in curiosity in African improvement.
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Extra info for African Development Report 2008 2009
Understanding and dealing with the costs of conﬂict is a major challenge to recovery from conﬂict. CHAPTER 3 Conﬂict prevention and resolution, and peacebuilding strategies This chapter focuses on key issues relating to conﬂict prevention, conﬂict resolution, and peacebuilding. It draws on the conﬂict risk factors and triggers identiﬁed in Chapter 1. Conﬂict resolution refers to the mechanisms for ending conﬂict, and peacebuilding to measures aimed at consolidating the peace after a violent conﬂict.
Diasporas may also ﬁnd it easier to organize a rebellion from the sanctuary of foreign territory. Sometimes the very existence of a large diaspora is symptomatic of underlying risk factors for violent conﬂict such as state failure, government repression and ethnic antagonisms. The current ruling Rwandese Patriotic Front, which came to power in 1994 after staging a rebellion, was formed and ﬁnanced by some Rwandese in the diaspora. Colonialism and superpower rivalries Some authors have stressed the role of colonialism and superpower rivalry in explaining violent conﬂict in Africa.
That armed conﬂicts often break out during or after elections bears witness to the enormous value of elected ofﬁce to prospective candidates. Effective constraints on representatives reduce this value and create an environment for healthy political competition with considerably lower risks of violence. In mature democracies, the legislature functions as an institutional constraint. But members of parliament could also abuse their authority. An elected parliament alone is not a guarantee of scrutiny.
African Development Report 2008 2009 by The African Development Bank