By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform world wide, vital land inequalities stay, specially in Latin the USA and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the want for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round tips to redistribute land peacefully and legally, frequently blocking off growth on implementation. This e-book specializes in the 'how' of land redistribution with a view to forge better consensus between land reform practitioners and allow them to make larger offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
Providing more support services to these beneficiaries would have sped up the process of establishing successful small farms even more. 6 For instance, it often is assumed that small-scale farms are backward and that breaking up large farms will result in a loss of efficiency in the economy. In reality, nearly a century of research by agricultural economists all over the world has produced a counterintuitive stylized fact: small-scale farmers generally use land, labor, and capital more efficiently than do large-scale farmers who depend primarily on hired labor.
It simply means that, on average, family farmers make relatively more out of the little they have. So even if efficiency is high, wages may be very low; and sometimes the family farmer’s higher economic profits per hectare do nothing to reduce his or her misery. ” In many countries, the formation of the large-scale farming sector is not an expression of the efficiency of large-scale farms, but the legacy of past injustices. Although there may exist very real economies of scale for the individual producer, they are mostly “false” because usually they are the result of policies that favor larger farms over small farms (van Zyl, Binswanger, and Thirtle 1995).
A land tax supportive of land reform could be flat or progressive, and would exempt small farmers from making significant tax payments. Finally, the land tax revenue can be either a source of local government revenues (as proposed for South Africa) or a source of financing for land redistribution (as currently is true in Namibia). In other instances, by historical design, land markets place severe restrictions on land sales to the poor. For instance, it may be too expensive or even impossible to break up large farms into family farms.
Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) by Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink