By Antoine Arnauld
Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole have been philosophers and theologians linked to Port-Royal Abbey, a middle of the Catholic Jansenist circulate in seventeenth-century France. Their vastly influential good judgment or the paintings of considering, which went via 5 versions of their lifetimes, treats subject matters in good judgment, language, concept of information and metaphysics, and in addition articulates the reaction of "heretical" Jansenist Catholicism to orthodox Catholic and Protestant perspectives on grace, unfastened will and the sacraments. This variation offers a brand new translation of the textual content, including a historic creation and proposals for extra examining.
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Extra info for Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole: Logic or the Art of Thinking
For example, we thought that rhetoric is not very helpful for finding thoughts, expressions, and embellishments. The mind furnishes enough thoughts, and usage provides the expressions. And usually there are too many metaphors and figures of speech. So the main idea is to avoid certain bad styles of writing and speaking, and above all the artificial rhetorical style made up of false and exaggerated thoughts and forced metaphors, which is the worst vice. Now the reader may find in this logic as many useful points for recognizing and avoiding these defects as in books dedicated to the subject.
As for the geometric examples, though they may not be understood by everyone, this is no great flaw. For they occur either in isolated and independent passages that can be safely bypassed, or in contexts which are sufficiently clear on their own or which are clarified enough by other examples so that they do not need the geometrical examples. Furthermore, anyone who examines the passages where we use these examples will recognize that it would be difficult to find others that are as appropriate.
Valiant ex biblioth, S. Germani a pratis 1683. Brekle conjectures that it was made by a cure named Valiant from St. Germain-des-Pres. Based on references in the text, he argues that it was based on a draft of the Logic dating from 1659or 1660. When compared to the first edition this text is incomplete, missing several chapters from each part, For a detailed comparison of the text of the manuscript with the first edition see volume 3 of Ulringhoffand Brekle. 3 Logic ortheArt of Thinking make various additions which increased its size by nearly a third, because we thought we should extend our views beyond the original version.
Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole: Logic or the Art of Thinking by Antoine Arnauld