By Chris Reed, Timothy J. Norman (auth.), Chris Reed, Timothy J. Norman (eds.)
In the past due Nineties, AI witnessed an expanding use of the time period 'argumentation' inside its bounds: in traditional language processing, in consumer interface layout, in good judgment programming and nonmonotonic reasoning, in Al's interface with the criminal neighborhood, and within the newly rising box of multi-agent structures. It looked as if it would me that a lot of those makes use of of argumentation have been encouraged by way of (of ten encouraged) guesswork, and nice majority of the AI group have been unaware that there has been a maturing, wealthy box of study in Argumentation concept (and severe pondering and casual common sense) that have been progressively re development a scholarly method of the world over the former 20 years or so. Argumentation thought, on its aspect; was once constructing theories and ways that many within the box felt may have a job extra broadly in examine and soci ety, yet have been for the main half unaware that AI was once the best applicants for such application.
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Additional resources for Argumentation Machines: New Frontiers in Argument and Computation
To illustrate the distinction between commitment and belief, we offer the following example. If I say Bob believes that the Turin shroud is authentic (the shroud in which Jesus was wrapped when he was buried), I am saying something about Bob's psychological state or attitude. How do I find out whether it is true or false that Bob believes that the Turin shroud is authentic? I need to conduct empirical investigations by asking Bob questions. Of course, Bob could be lying. I could ask him to take a polygraph test.
Many approaches to argumentation theory start from speeches and texts, but others start from an analysis of conversations (argumentative speeches and texts may then be reconstructed as implicit conversations). This latter approach is what is meant by a dialectical theory of argumentation. It is the point of view taken both by the Amsterdam school of pragma-dialectics and related informal approaches (Grice, 1975; van Eemeren and Grootendorst, 1984, 1992, 2000; Freeman, 1991), and by the various practitioners of formal dialectic (Hamblin, 1970, 1971; Rescher, 1977; Lorenzen and Lorenz, 1978; Mackenzie, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1990; Barth and Krabbe, 1982; Hegselmann, 1985; Walton and Krabbe, 1995; Girle, 1996).
In fact, for industrial applications of multi-agent systems in general, specifying agent communication in terms of interaction protocols rather than a bunch of message types is significantly more attractive. Agents may then be designed that simply conform to a set of protocols, and messages received will be interpreted in the context of the appropriate protocol. For example, a proposal received in the context of the Contract Net Protocol will be interpreted differently from the same message received in the context of a Dutch auction: they impose different commitments on the sender.
Argumentation Machines: New Frontiers in Argument and Computation by Chris Reed, Timothy J. Norman (auth.), Chris Reed, Timothy J. Norman (eds.)