Health Policy

Download e-book for iPad: Assessment of Performance Measures for Public Health, by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Panel on Performance Measures and Data for Public Health Performance Partnership Grants, Jeffrey J. Koshel, Ed

ISBN-10: 0309057965

ISBN-13: 9780309057967

The U.S. division of overall healthiness and Human companies is accomplishing an bold new application to guarantee that cash for public health and wellbeing courses are spent as successfully as attainable. less than the recent application, each country will improve a suite of functionality goals to degree its development when it comes to results, approaches, and skill. within the first section of this system, states are to suggest such measures to be completed over 3 to 5 years. This publication examines the technical concerns all for the advance of functionality measures in 10 components: psychological well-being, substance abuse, HIV an infection, sexually transmitted ailments, tuberculosis, immunization, persistent illnesses, incapacity, rape, and emergency scientific companies. From greater than 3,200 candidate measures proposed through researchers, policymakers, and public overall healthiness pros, the panel proposes greater than 50 power end result measures. The e-book information the benefits and barriers of power measures in addition to the knowledge assets that could aid them. This quantity can be a useful source to every body fascinated about public future health.

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Additional info for Assessment of Performance Measures for Public Health, Substance Abuse, and Mental Health

Example text

1). 21 Statewide estimates are not available from the available data system that supports this measure (DAWN); however, this measure should be included among those states that may choose from if they want to focus their efforts on a defined geographical area(s) as part of their performance agreements with DHHS. Page 40 22 Prevalence rate of adolescents aged 14–17 engaged in heavy drinking or other drug use Prevalence rate of persons aged 18 and older engaged in heavy drinking or other drug use23 Percentage of women who gave birth in the past year and reported using alcohol or other drugs during pregnancy Mean age at first use of ''gateway" drugs (tobacco, marijuana, alcohol) Percentage of adolescents aged 14–17 stating disapproval of marijuana use Percentage of adolescents aged 14–17 who report parents or guardians who communicate non­use expectations Percentage of drug abuse clients who engage in risk behaviors related to HIV/AIDS after completing treatment plan Examples of Process Measures Process Measure: Percentage of pregnant women screened for substance abuse Process Measure: Percentage of drug abuse clients screened for STDs, HIV infection, and tuberculosis during treatment Examples of Capacity Measures Resources Percentage of at­risk population(s) who have access to and receive specialized services Planning The presence or absence of statewide prevention and treatment needs assessment study completed within last 2 years Percentage of providers that use uniform criteria to assess and match clients to appropriate services There will need to be continued support for data definition and collection efforts at both the state and national level in order for states to report on the 22 Although the estimated incidence rate would be a more appropriate measure of state agency performance, the most suitable data source for this measure is the YRBSS, which is a population survey and, therefore, only provides estimates of prevalence.

14.  15. Page 31 Examples of Process Measures Program Strategy: Reduce barriers to receiving treatment from specific providers Process Measure: Percentage of patients with insurance coverage for specific treatments Process Measure: Percentage of patients reporting no transportation barriers to obtain necessary services Process Measure: Percentage of physicians and other care providers receiving cultural competency training Program Strategy: Improve quality of services provided Process Measure: Percentage of cases followed up after most recent contact Process Measure: Percentage of known intravenous drug users with access to needle exchange program Examples of Capacity Measures Resources Percentage of high­risk communities with nearby testing and screening services from multiple types of health providers and public health organizations Planning Percentage of the state's population who reside in communities that are engaged in formal community processes for assessing and planning for HIV/STD/TB prevention and treatment services.

4. Effective treatment is available for many of these infections, which not only benefits the individual treated by curing the infection, but also prevents the spread of the infection to others in the population. 5. " 6. The prevention value of early diagnosis and treatment of core transmitters is substantially higher than similar efforts for the general population. 7. The predominant proportion of the spread of STDs and HIV infection in a community involves intimate sexual practices that are the object of considerable stigma in modern American society.

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Assessment of Performance Measures for Public Health, Substance Abuse, and Mental Health by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Panel on Performance Measures and Data for Public Health Performance Partnership Grants, Jeffrey J. Koshel, Ed

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