By Thompson, Hanne-Ruth
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Книга рассказывает о корнях этрусков, которые были предками современных италянцов. Описывается генетическая связь этрсуков с армянами. Это еще раз доказывает,что Армянское Нагорье, из которого вышли этруски, было самым древним центром цивилизации.
THE MONGOLIC LANGUAGES ed. Juha Janhunen is one other access within the Routledge Language kin sequence. As is usual with the opposite volumes within the sequence, it includes a bankruptcy each one for a number of the languages in a kin which offer a generally synchronic cartoon in their grammar and lexicon. The languages tested listed here are Written Mongol, center Mongol, Khamnigan Mongol, Buryat, Dagur, Khalkha (the legitimate language of the Republic of Mongolia), Ordos, Oirat, Kalmuck, Moghol, Shira Yughur, Mongghul, Mangghuer, Bonan, and Santa.
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Extra info for Bengali
For each consonant the transliteration is followed by a description of the sound. The sounds are listed in the groups they form in the alphabet. Velar plosives plus nasal These sounds are similar to English. symbol sound k kh g gh ṅ voiceless, unaspirated velar, k as in asking voiceless, aspirated velar, aspirated k as in king voiced, unaspirated velar, g as in good, no aspiration voiced, aspirated velar, aspirated g: try: g�ho velar nasal, ng as in singer or ngg as in finger minimal pairs: k and kh: kali ink – khali empty, k�bor grave – kh�bor news g and gh: ga body – gha wound, goṛa root, base – ghoṛa horse ___________ Palatal plosives plus nasal symbol sound c ch j jh ñ voiceless, unaspirated, as in chap with little aspiration voiceless, aspirated, as in chap with more aspiration voiced, unaspirated, as in jam voiced, aspirated, palatal nasal, pronounced as n Chapter 2.
Tagore himself changed over to calit bhasha in the course of writing his short stories and novels. While calit bhasha was at first also a particular style of writing, it paved the way for a closer link between written and spoken language. The so-called Standard Colloquial Bengali (SCB), based on the educated speech of Kolkata, gradually emerged from it. Sadhu basha is not dealt with in this book but the differences in pronouns and in verb-formation are given below. sadhu bhasha pronouns nominative 1st ps 2nd ps familiar 2nd ps intimate 2nd ps polite 3rd ps inanimate near 3rd ps inanimate far 3rd ps inanimate neutral 3rd ps animate 3rd ps honorific genitive 1st ps 2nd ps familiar singular ami, mui tumi tui apni iha uha taha se tini singular amar tomar my your plural I you you you this that that he, she he, she we you you you they they they they they mora tomra tora apnara ihara uhara segulo tahara tãhara plural amadiger tomadiger our your Bengali your your his/her his/her his/her his/her tãhadiger your your their their their their plural amadigôke tomadigôke todigôke apnadigôke ihadigôke uhadigôke tahadigôke tãhadigôke us you you you them them them them 2nd ps intimate 2nd ps polite 3rd ps near 3rd ps far 3rd ps neutral 3rd ps honorific tor objective 1st ps 2nd ps familiar 2nd ps intimate 2nd ps polite 3rd ps ord near 3rd ps ord far 3rd ps ord neutral 3rd ps honorific singular amake tomake toke apnake ihake uhake tahake tãhake locative 1st ps amaŷ, amate in me 2nd ps familiar tomaŷ, tomate in you 2nd ps intimate tote in you 2nd ps polite apnate in you 3rd ps ord near ihate in it/him/her 3rd ps ord far uhate in it/him/her 3rd ps ord neutral tahate in it/him/her 3rd ps honorific tãhate in him/her apnar ihar uhar tahar tãhar me you you you him/her him/her him/her him/her todiger apnadiger ihadiger uhadiger tahadiger sadhu bhasha verb conjugation Here is a sample verb chart for the contemporary verb lekha (then likha) write ami tumi tui se apni,tini tenses likhi likhô likhis likhe likhen present simple likhitechô likhitechis likhiteche likhitechen present continuous likhitechi likhiŷachi likhiŷachô likhiŷachis likhiŷache likhiŷachen present perfect likhibô likhibe likhibi likhibe likhiben future likhilam likhile likhili likhilô likhilen past simple likhitechilam likhitechile likhitechili likhitechilô likhitechilen past continuous likhiŷachilam likhiŷachile likhiŷachili likhiŷachilô likhiŷachilen past perfect likhitam likhite likhitis likhitô likhiten past habitual Chapter 1.
Has two different pronunciations, based on location in the mouth. In the following examples it is pronounced like the English y in layer: di-ŷe, shi-ŷal, di-ŷo, me-ŷe, khe-ŷal, je-ŷo, bæ-ŷam, stha-ŷi, ga-ŷe, ma-ŷa, a-ŷ�-to, a-ŷu, a-ŷo-jon, ho-ŷe, dhu-ŷe Between o and a, u and a, u and o it is pronounced like the w in lower: kha-o-ŷa (khaowa), de-o-ŷa (deowa), ju-ŷa (juwa), In some words the pronunciation of ŷ is practically non-existent: shu-ŷor (shuor) Bengali ŷ also occurs at the end of words following a vowel but without another vowel following.
Bengali by Thompson, Hanne-Ruth