By Tibor R. Machan
In Classical Individualism, Tibor Machan argues that individualism is much from being useless. Machan identifies,
develops and defends what he calls classical individualism: the kind with roots in Aristotle instead of Hobbes.
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Extra resources for Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being (Routledge Studies in Social and Political Thought)
I want to Classical individualism 30 outline a conception of human action that opens the way to provide (a) the prospect of good explanations of what people do, (b) the possibility of moral evaluations of their conduct, and (c) a conception of evil that involves voluntary subversion of one’s cognitive functions. HUMAN ACTION: INTENTION, YES; DELIBERATION, MAYBE What is the nature of human action? What distinguishes actions from, for example, behaviors, movements, or events? What is the difference between intending and deliberating?
Dogs, cats, lizards, fish, frogs, and so forth have no free will, so it appears arbitrary to impute it to human beings. Why should we be free to do things when the rest of nature lacks any such capacity? It would be an impossible aberration. The answer here is similar to what I gave earlier: There is variety in nature—some things swim, some fly, some just lie there, some breathe, some grow. Free will could be yet another addition to all the varieties of nature. Let us now consider whether free will actually does exist.
It was, furthermore, just another turn away from the kind of moral theorizing that had been attacked by David Hume, in his A Treatise of Human Nature,14 several centuries before. System building was once more declared to be useless and philosophically unjustified. Philosophy was supposed to scale down its scope and become more piecemeal. We were to look at various issues that had been the province of philosophy in isolation from philosophical thinking. ” were deemed by many to be out of bounds for philosophical investigations.
Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being (Routledge Studies in Social and Political Thought) by Tibor R. Machan