By John Rawls
John Rawls's paintings on justice has drawn extra remark and aroused wider recognition than the other paintings in ethical or political philosophy within the 20th century. Rawls is the writer of 2 significant treatises, A conception of Justice (1971) and Political Liberalism (1993); it really is acknowledged thought of Justice revived political philosophy within the English-speaking international. yet ahead of and after writing his nice treatises Rawls produced a gradual circulation of essays. a few of these essays articulate perspectives of justice and liberalism detailed from these present in the 2 books. they're very important in and of themselves as a result of the deep matters in regards to the nature of justice, ethical reasoning, and liberalism they increase in addition to for the sunshine they shed at the evolution of Rawls's perspectives. a few of the articles take on concerns no longer addressed in both booklet. they assist establish a number of the paths open to liberal theorists of justice and a few of the knotty difficulties which liberal theorists needs to search to solve. an entire selection of John Rawls's essays is lengthy late.
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Extra info for Collected Papers
Idea that Therefore what the above arguments presuppose-the is bound the then if, promisor if the utilitarian view is accepted and only if, the application of the utilitarian principle to his own case shows that keeping it is best on the whole-is false. '9 19What I have said in this paragraph seems to me to coincide with Hume's important discussion in the Treatiseof HumanNature,bk. III, pt. ii, sec. 5; and also sec. 6, par. 8. i6 TWO CONCEPTS OF RULES Is this to say that in particular cases one cannot deliberate whether or not to keep one's promise?
To preface each act or forbearance by a conjecture and comparison of consequences, were clearly superfluous[my italics] and mischievous. It were clearly superfluous, inasmuch as the resultof that process[my italics] would be embodied in a known rule. , pp. I I 7-I i8). He goes on: " If our experience and observation of particulars were not generalized,our experience and observation of particulars would seldom avail us in practice.... These we carry about us ready for use, and apply to individual cases promptly .
20 Various defenses for not keeping one's promise are allowed, but among them there isn't the one that, on general utilitarian grounds, the promisor (truly) thought his action best on the whole, even though there may be the defense that the consequences of keeping one's promise would have been extremelysevere. While there are too -many complexities here to consider all the necessary details, one can see that the general defense isn't allowed if one asks the following question: what would one say of someone who, when asked why he broke his promise, replied simply that breaking it was best on the whole?
Collected Papers by John Rawls