By Guy Steele
The defacto general - vital for all LISP programmers.
during this drastically extended version of the defacto ordinary, you will know about the approximately two hundred adjustments already made when you consider that unique booklet - and learn about grey components more likely to be revised later. Written via the Vice- Chairman of X3J13 (the ANSI
committee answerable for the standardization of universal Lisp) and co-developer of the language itself, the hot variation comprises the whole textual content of the 1st variation plus six thoroughly new chapters. They conceal: - CLOS, the typical Lisp item approach, with new gains to help functionality overloading and object-oriented programming, plus whole technical necessities * Loops, a strong keep watch over constitution for a number of variables * stipulations, a generalization of the mistake signaling mechanism * sequence and turbines * Plus different matters now not a part of the ANSI criteria yet of curiosity to expert programmers. all through, you will find clean examples, extra clarifications, warnings, and tips - all offered with the author's known vigour and wit.
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Extra info for Common Lisp. The Language
Conses are used primarily to represent lists. A list is recursively de ned to be either the empty list or a cons whose cdr component is a list. A list is therefore a chain of conses linked by their cdr components and terminated by nil, the empty list. The car components of the conses are called the elements of the list. For each element of the list there is a cons. The empty list has no elements at all. A list is notated by writing the elements of the list in order, separated by blank space (space, tab, or return characters) and surrounded by parentheses.
Negative number of dimensions and is indexed by a sequence of integers. A general array can have any Lisp object as a component other types of arrays are specialized for e ciency and can hold only certain types of Lisp objects. It is possible for two arrays, possibly with di ering dimension information, to share the same set of elements (such that modifying one array modi es the other also) by causing one to be displaced to the other. One-dimensional arrays of any kind are called vectors. One-dimensional arrays of characters are called strings.
15 . Arrays are dimensioned collections of objects. An array can have any non- . Hash tables provide an e cient way of mapping any Lisp object (a key) to . Readtables are used to control the built-in expression parser read. Packages are collections of symbols that serve as name spaces. The parser . Pathnames represent names of les in a fairly implementation-independent . Streams represent sources or sinks of data, typically characters or bytes.
Common Lisp. The Language by Guy Steele