By K. Wadekin
A desirable comparative examine of the way the rural event of the Soviet Bloc has formed and infrequently hindered improvement within the remainder of the communist international, this booklet examines the agrarian regulations of China, Mongolia, Vietnam, and Cuba, and gives an account of agricultural improvement in socialist economies which makes a speciality of either the old and modern points of this improvement.
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Additional resources for Communist Agriculture: Farming in the Far East and Cuba
14). We can see that the coastal provinces of China, from Liaoning to Guangdong, the more advanced ones with 60 per cent of the national industrial production for less than 40 per cent of total population, group the major part of rural industries: 51 per cent of their manpower, 64 per cent of their production. These are the very provinces where most of the big cities of China can be found (Peking, Tientsin, Shanghai, Canton), and they dispose of the best roads and of any waterways (totalling 56 per cent of total Chinese road and water freight).
In 1980, industrial activities employed three-quarters of the workers of collective enterprises, while today they only employ half. So, the tertiary sector could make up for its past slow development. However, it is still quite underdeveloped compared to other Asian countries where trade and services employ up two thirds of rural non-agricultural manpower (Ho, 1986:38). Thus, it can be hoped that a further progress in this sector’s employment will be observed. But one may wonder whether it will be so possible to create the millions of jobs that have to be found by the year 2000.
And the problem of prices is further aggravated by the difficulties of the new market regulation of agricultural production which has been progressively substituted for the past authoritarian planification of compulsory deliveries (Aubert, 1986b). In this context of slowing agricultural growth, labour productivity, however, did not stop improving. After 1984, the first effects of agricultural reforms have been taken over by another consequence of the structural changes, somewhat delayed and masked by the spectacular evolutions of the early 1980s, but none the less decisive for the future: the decrease, both in absolute and relative numbers, of agricultural manpower.
Communist Agriculture: Farming in the Far East and Cuba by K. Wadekin