By Alex Barber, Robert J Stainton
The appliance of philosophy to language learn, and language research to philosophy, has skilled demonstrable highbrow progress and diversification in contemporary many years. This paintings comprehensively analyzes and evaluates a few of the finest aspects of this shiny field. An edited selection of articles taken from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics second variation, this quantity acts as a single-stop table reference source for the field, comprising contributions from the main students of philosophy of linguistics of their a number of interdisciplinary specializations. From Plato's Cratylus to Semantic and Epistemic Holism, this attention-grabbing paintings authoritatively unpacks the various and multi-layered strategies of meaning, expression, identification, fact, and numerous different subject matters and topics straddling the linguistic-philosophical meridian, in one hundred seventy five articles and over 900 pages. * Authoritative assessment of this dynamic box positioned in an interdisciplinary context* Approximately a hundred seventy five articles by means of leaders within the box* Compact and reasonable single-volume layout
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Additional info for Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics
New Haven: Yale University Press. Peacocke C (1999). Being known. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Peacocke C (2004). The realm of reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Putnam H (1962). ’ The Journal of Philosophy LIX, 658–671. [Reprinted in Putnam H (1979). Philosophical papers (vol. 1). ] Putnam H (1965). ) Philosophical papers, vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. Putnam H (1970). ’ Metaphilosophy 1, 189–201. [Reprinted in Putnam H (1985). Philosophical Papers (vol. 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
A counterexample to that schema would be a case involving some F that was simultaneously non-F, which is a flat-out contradiction and thus impossible. Because they are not made true by any metaphysical facts about the world, logically necessary truths aren’t metaphysically necessary. Nor are they conceptually necessary, since they are not made true by any facts about the (nonlogical) concepts we use to think about the world. They are necessarily true simply by virtue of their logical form. The a Priori/a Posteriori Distinction The a priori/a posteriori distinction is an epistemological distinction: it characterizes the way a proposition is known or the way a person is justified in believing the proposition.
Hence, anything that has the same chemical nature as water must of necessity be identical to water. However, we can’t deduce anything about the actual particular nature of water from the concept of its being a chemical substance or from the concept of its having an empirical nature that is essential to water. We have to do some empirical investigation instead. Only when our best scientific theories have confirmed that the chemical nature of water is H2O can we then be justified in believing that water is H2O.
Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics by Alex Barber, Robert J Stainton