By Francois Molle, Tira Foran, Mira Kakonen
The catchment quarter of the Mekong River and its tributaries extends from China, via Burma/Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and to Vietnam. The water assets of the Mekong quarter - from the Irrawaddy and Nu-Salween within the west, around the Chao Phraya to the Lancang-Mekong and crimson River within the east- are more and more contested. Governments, businesses, and banks are riding new investments in roads, dams, diversions, irrigation schemes, navigation amenities, strength crops and different trademarks of traditional 'development'. Their plans and interventions should still supply a few advantages, but additionally pose a number of burdens and hazards to hundreds of thousands of individuals depending on wetlands, floodplains and aquatic assets, particularly, the wild catch fisheries of rivers and lakes. This e-book examines how large-scale tasks are being proposed, justified, and outfitted. How are such tasks contested and the way do particular governance regimes effect choice making? The booklet additionally highlights the emergence of latest actors, rights and trade-off debates, and the social and environmental effects of 'water assets development'. This e-book indicates how various, and sometimes adversarial, ideologies and pursuits are contesting for legitimacy. It argues that the distribution of decision-making, political, and discursive energy affects how the waterscapes of the quarter will eventually glance and the way advantages, expenses and dangers might be allotted. those matters are the most important for the transformation of waterscapes and the customers for democratizing water governance within the Mekong zone. The ebook is a part of the action-research of the M-POWER (Mekong application on Water, setting and Resilience) wisdom community. released with IFAD, CG|AR problem software on Water & nutrition, M-POWER, venture ECHEL-EAU and HEINRICH BOLL STIFTUNG
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Additional resources for Contested Waterscapes in the Mekong Region: Hydropower, Livelihoods and Governance
US and World Bank technical advice and financing supported several large power generation projects in Thailand (including the Bhumipol Dam, in 1964, and the early stages of Thailand’s electricity transmission network; Greacen and Greacen, OLD AND NEW HYDROPOWER PLAYERS IN THE MEKONG REGION 27 2004), as well as the establishment of a state-owned electricity utility, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), a central player of hydropower development to this day. The 150MW Nam Ngum 1 Dam, the first large hydropower dam in Laos, was built with technical advice from the Mekong Committee and the World Bank during the late 1960s.
Karnchang and Ratchaburi. 1 Large hydropower projects in operation, under construction and planned in Laos* Status In operation Under construction Project Development Agreement, Concession Agreement or Power Purchase Agreement signed or under negotiation MoUs on feasibility studies signed Number of projects Total capacity (MW) 6 6 12 , 660** ,2249** ,4024** 39 14,155** Notes: * For projects over 10MW. ** Around two-thirds of this operated power generation is exported to Thailand, with the remainder for the domestic market in Laos.
Chapter 14 by John Dore and Kate Lazarus offers a governance practitioners’ analysis of the Mekong River Commission, an organization subjected to great effort and attention from actors intent both on using it and crippling it. The authors review continuities and contrasts of the MRC from 1999 to 2007, drawing lessons from water-use negotiations and various basin and strategic planning processes. The authors argue that the MRC could play an important role as a space in which action is informed and deliberatively shaped; but in order to do so, its member states need to use it more actively, rather than bypass it, which, of course, entails redistribution of authority and revised decision-making processes.
Contested Waterscapes in the Mekong Region: Hydropower, Livelihoods and Governance by Francois Molle, Tira Foran, Mira Kakonen