By Marc Howard Ross
Ethnic clash frequently makes a speciality of culturally charged symbols and rituals that evoke powerful feelings from both sides. Marc Howard Ross examines battles over different cultural expressions, together with Islamic headscarves in France, parades in Northern eire, holy websites in Jerusalem and accomplice flags within the American South to suggest a psychocultural framework for figuring out ethnic clash, in addition to boundaries to, and possibilities for, its mitigation. His research explores how tradition frames pursuits, constructions demand-making and shapes how competitors can locate universal floor to supply confident results to long term disputes. He makes a speciality of members' money owed of clash to spot emotionally major matters, and the ability of cultural expressions to hyperlink participants to greater identities and form motion. Ross exhibits that, opposite to renowned trust, tradition doesn't inevitably exacerbate clash; fairly, the built nature of psychocultural narratives can facilitate winning clash mitigation in the course of the improvement of extra inclusive narratives and identities.
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Additional resources for Cultural contestation in ethnic conflict
We need to consider all of these factors to develop constructive solutions. This chapter has four sections. The first discusses nine features of psychocultural narratives and their origin in deeply rooted collective memories, cultural worldviews, and group identity. Second, I explore the diverse, but not mutually exclusive, roles narratives play in intense conflicts: as reflectors, exacerbaters or inhibiters, and/or causes of conflict. Third, I consider how narratives are significant in developing constructive solutions that move a conflict toward settlement.
18 Introduction their use has increased. Cultural conflicts are not just out there ready to happen as Kaplan’s (1993) ‘‘ancient hatreds’’ argument would have us believe. Rather, as conflicts evolve the intensity of emotions surrounding cultural expressions and enactments as well as their meanings often shift (Weeden 2002). Many people have an image of culture as unified and monolithic. This is a serious mistake. The definition of culture I am using emphasizes only that people within a given cultural group understand, but not that they always agree with, one another (Avruch 1998; 2003).
This definition of culture emphasizes public, shared meanings. Behaviors, values, institutions, and social structure are understood not as culture itself but as culturally constituted phenomena (Spiro 1984). These behaviors include emotionally significant ritual actions that link people across time and space while distinguishing between in-group and out-group members. Within-group connections are preserved in group memory through oral, written, and visual accounts and reenacted through social action and ritual performance.
Cultural contestation in ethnic conflict by Marc Howard Ross