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Democratizing hegemonic state by Ilan Peleg PDF

By Ilan Peleg

ISBN-10: 0511350201

ISBN-13: 9780511350207

ISBN-10: 0521880882

ISBN-13: 9780521880886

This publication explores other ways of fixing political conflicts among ethnic teams in deeply divided societies. via a close research of 14 assorted nations in Africa, Asia, Europe, North the USA, and the center East, Peleg creates a framework that might permit humanity to maneuver towards an answer to a few of the bloodiest conflicts in background. Long-lasting strategies can't be chanced on through only granting members equivalent rights, yet by means of spotting the rights of specified teams. This booklet examines crucial political and moral factor of the modern international: the way forward for deeply divided societies ruled by way of ethnic politics.

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Second, it is argued that although in a traditionally hegemonic ethnic polity it is significantly easier for the dominant majority to adopt an individual-based strategy for dealing with its minorities than a group-based approach, some combination of the two is likely to prove necessary for a stable long-term solution. The individual-based approach to the resolution of ethnic conflict is the simpler of the two approaches. Associated with a regime type known as liberal democracy, an individual-based approach argues that in all societies, homogenous and heterogeneous, ethnically divided or unified, all individuals must be treated as equal.

Gagnon maintains straightforwardly that justice requires that minorities be recognized (Gagnon and Tully 2001), and many minority spokespersons endorse, specifically, the idea of asymmetrical federalism and correcting existing discriminatory practices against minorities as a recipe for the establishment of an equitable if not equal situation in countries characterized by tense majority-minority relations. Opponents of special recognition for minority rights have made arguments in terms of the general principles of liberal democracy, objecting particularly to the violation of the foundational idea of individual equality.

In the contemporary world, we have seen “elites jockeying for power within the ethnic group and having incentive to be immoderate” (Snyder 2000, 30) more often than elites leading their people toward compromise. Leaders who look for strengthening their position among their ethnic brothers are unlikely to be moderate, not even in the most liberal of places. Although, theoretically, consociationalism is possibly the most attractive regime from the perspective of the minority, it is rather problematical even beyond the issue of the motivation and the capabilities of the ruling elite to create such a regime: 1.

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Democratizing hegemonic state by Ilan Peleg

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