Logic Language

New PDF release: Dictionary of Paradox

By Glenn W. Erickson

ISBN-10: 076181065X

ISBN-13: 9780761810650

Dictionary of Paradox is an interesting reference paintings for students, scholars, and most people. It describes these paradoxes which are both specifically fascinating at the present time or that experience a continual curiosity from the ancient standpoint. every one major access contains 4 elements: a press release of the anomaly, an evidence of its paradoxicality, a dialogue of tried or authorised resolutions, and a listing of readings. moreover, there are different entries explaining phrases with regards to paradoxes, directory substitute names for the most entries, or discussing variations of the entries. All details is greatly cross-referenced.

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Example text

GTegory Vlastos has argued effecti vel y that the ori g i n al parado x \vas most l i ke l y to have been a progressi on, as we presented it above . Formul ated as a p ro g ressi o n i ts bas i c affinity to the A chilles Paradox i s readi l y seen . The arg ument can be sUlnn1ari zed as f01 10\\1 8 : Paradox, thi s i s . , ' , ( 1) (2) ( 3) Fi nisbing any Dl0ti on requires crossing an infi ni te sequence of successive di stances. The crossing of an i nfinite sequence of successiv e di stances cannot be cOlnpleted.

In other words relativi sts often claim that thei r arguments provide a means to an end that, once attained, allows disposal of the means. T he proposed metaphor, however, is not very enlightening because accepting the apparent contradiction in relativism invol ves accepting just what the rel ativist is convinced i s fal se. READINGS GaJ l e , Peter. "Kordi g's Paradox Objection to Radical Meaning Variance Theories . " Philo s op hy Mei l and , Jack W. of Science 50 ( 1 98 3 ) : 494-7. " O n the Par a d o x of C o gni ti v e R e l a ti v i s m .

If A, then C. If B , then D. Th e refore C or D. , When C and D are identical , the argument is even more striki ng from a psychological poi nt of view. In Medieval phi losophy, di l emmas were called argumentuln cornuturn, because they are l ike bul l s that w i l l toss one w hi chever horn one seizes; and we still speak of the alternatives A and B as the " horns of a di l emma. " A l though modern logi ci ans tend to defi ne the dilemma as any argument of the given form, regardless of the repugnancy or not of the conclusi on, the traditional conception of the dilemma reveal s its close connection with rhetoric and, l i ke quandaries and predicaments, requires us to choose between equally repugnant courses of acti on.

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Dictionary of Paradox by Glenn W. Erickson

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