By Cem Mete
Incapacity is a crucial factor for the transition international locations of jap Europe and the previous Soviet Union. not just is a good portion in their inhabitants both unwell or disabled with implications for exertions strength participation and productiveness yet their getting older demographics venture a rise within the percentage of disabled humans, elevating matters concerning the sustainability of social safety courses. hence, if those seriously resource-strapped international locations fail to deal in a good demeanour with incapacity and healthiness matters of their inhabitants, they can face critical demanding situations to their efforts to accomplish superior monetary development and more suitable residing criteria. as the monetary drivers and prices of bad overall healthiness prestige and disabilities during this area should not good documented, fiscal Implications of persistent disorder and incapacity in jap Europe and the previous Soviet Union goals to shut this hole via leveraging family survey facts from a good number of transition international locations, interpreting the poverty-disability courting and the linkages among incapacity and employment, profits, young ones s tuition enrollments, and adults time-use styles. Altogether, incapacity looks to have better unwanted effects at the financial and social health of the inhabitants in those nations compared with industrialized international locations. the most purposes are the superiority of a giant casual area, the fairly susceptible focusing on functionality of the present social suggestions courses, and the inability of broad-based assurance mechanisms to guard participants opposed to lack of source of revenue because of unforeseen health problems. Addressing those weaknesses is the problem dealing with coverage makers and the inhabitants at huge within the area, during the definition and enactment of a deep, well-coordinated, cross-sectoral reform schedule. This e-book should be priceless for coverage makers and improvement officers operating to enhance residing criteria within the japanese Europe and the previous Soviet Union.
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Extra resources for Economic Implications of Chronic Illness and Disability in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
Wealth Proxy 1. 2 Needs to be constructed but data available 9. Panel exists? Armenia Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus BiH Bulgaria HBS DHS HBS LSMS LSMS HBS HBS 2001–03 2000 2001–02 1998–2002 2001–03 1995 & 2001 2003 26 Type of survey Year of survey Moldova Poland HBS HBS 1998–2003 1998–2002 2. Type of chronic illness 3. Does it affect your daily activities? 4. How long have you had it? 5. How much do you spend on it? 6. Days lost due to disability in last month? 4. ADL? 5. IADL? 6. Info on disability transfers 1.
Level of disability (I/II/III)? 5. Since when do you have it? 6. How much do you spend on it? 2. Self-evaluated health status 1. Qualitative question on self-evaluation of health status 2. Respondent identifies socioeconomic status as “disabled” 3. Chronic illness 1. Do you have chronic illness/disability? Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N N Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y Y Y Y Romania Russian Fed. LFS HBS HBS LSMS NOBUS 1998–2002 1998–2002 1993–2003 2003 Y Croatia Georgia Hungary Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Rep. Lithuania HBS HBS HBS HBS LSMS HBS HBS 1998 1998–2002 1998–2002 2001–03 1998 2000–02 2000 Serbia Tajikistan LSMS LSMS 2002–03 1999 & 2003 Y Turkey Turkmenistan HBS Disability survey LSMS DHS 2002 2002 1998 2000 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Ukraine Uzbekistan HBS HBS 1999–2003 2001 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Economic Implications of Chronic Illness and Disability in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union 7.
27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. arising from the threat of lawsuits. On a related topic, the insider-outsider dilemma is noted for other industrialized countries: A review of employment trends in OECD countries finds that even though legislative approaches to employment promotion differ in many respects (rights based, obligations based, incentives based), all approaches tend to benefit people already in employment much more than those who are out of work and looking for a job (OECD 2003). World Bank (2006) also observes a divergence in the employment rates of the disabled and the nondisabled in India, noting that the employment gap between the disabled and the nondisabled has increased during the last 15 years.
Economic Implications of Chronic Illness and Disability in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union by Cem Mete