By Maria Correia, Bernice van Bronkhorst, World Bank
Even supposing Ecuador has made enormous strides in addressing gender matters through the years, gender is still a major improvement factor. whereas entry to relations making plans tools has elevated as a rule, the provision of contraceptives is still constrained for the bad. As extra ladies input the hard work strength, salary gaps in line with gender persist. Ecuador's robust civil society circulation places gender at the public schedule, yet land distribution by means of the govt remains to be biased towards males. This document brings to mild the main salient gender matters affecting Ecuador's social and fiscal improvement at the present time. Its objective is to lessen gender inequalities in Ecuadoran society and to enhance the effectiveness of Ecuador's social and financial improvement courses. Gender during this record relates to either women and men and refers back to the assorted reviews, personal tastes, wishes, possibilities and constraints women and men face due to socially ascribed gender roles and expectancies. The file comprises an summary of gender matters and tendencies with certain recognition to the agricultural region the place nearly part the inhabitants lives. The authors suggest an total method and precedence activities to enhance stipulations. This record may be of curiosity to govt officers, nongovernmental organisations, teachers, and civil society.
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Extra info for Ecuador gender review: issues and recommendations
Third, issues such as maternal mortality, AIDS and STDs, teenage pregnancy, and family planning need to be addressed in an integrated fashion under the rubric of reproductive and sexual health. Fourth, initiatives need to be developed to address at-risk youth following on the experiences of other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. These have introduced, for example, ‘life skills’ programs into school systems, which include components on self-awareness/knowledge, anger-management, conflict resolution, family planning, and parenting.
Lastly, over the long term the current family violence program that establishes comisarías de la mujer should be strengthened by, inter alia, including preventative programs for male aggressors, particularly young men. Education Initiatives designed to increase school attendance and enrollment among the poor during the crisis need to consider how gender roles affect the ability of girls and boys to go to school (the need to work influencing boys and domestic work influencing girls). Also, to the extent possible, initiatives in the short term aimed at improving the Page xiv quality of instruction and providing textbooks to poor schools should avoid transmitting gender stereotypes.
This continues despite a growing recognition of women’s increasingly important roles in subsistence and commercial agricultural production as well as the daily management of natural resources such as soil, water and fuelwood. An area of possible concern relates to the treatment of gender and indigenous issues. By its own admission, the Consejo de Desarrollo de las Nacionalidades y Pueblos del Ecuador (CODENPE)—which is the main government agency charged with indigenous policies and programs in Ecuador—does not have a clear definition of gender and its importance in indigenous peoples’ development.
Ecuador gender review: issues and recommendations by Maria Correia, Bernice van Bronkhorst, World Bank