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Multiple Analogies in Science and Philosophy by Cameron Shelley PDF

By Cameron Shelley

ISBN-10: 9027223637

ISBN-13: 9789027223630

A a number of analogy is a based comparability within which numerous assets are likened to a aim. In "Multiple analogies in technology and philosophy", Shelley offers an intensive account of the cognitive representations and procedures that perform a number of analogy formation. via research of genuine examples taken from the fields of evolutionary biology, archaeology, and Plato's "Republic", Shelley argues that a number of analogies usually are not easily concatenated unmarried analogies yet are as a substitute the final kind of analogical inference, of which unmarried analogies are a unique case. the result's a really basic cognitive version of analogical inference. Shelley additionally exhibits how a cognitive account of a number of analogies addresses very important philosophical concerns comparable to the boldness that one could have in an analogical rationalization, and the position of analogy in technological know-how and philosophy. This booklet lucidly demonstrates that very important questions relating to analogical inference can't be replied competently by means of attention of unmarried analogies on my own.

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This solution, although more plausible, presents a cognitive oddity much like a person trying to use visual parallax to judge the distance to an object by alternately closing one eye and then the other. Other things being equal, the tendency of the brain to process information in parallel rather than serial fashion implies that explanations of cognitive phenomena should favor parallel models over serial ones. It would seem preferable, then, to revise the principle of structural consistency to accommodate processing of multiple mappings in a parallel manner.

Abstraction is a process whereby a large number of potential source analogs is reduced to a manageable quantity. 4. In the case of rod-pigments and reproductive strategies, there are a great number of fish with which Latimeria might be compared, but the task of constructing so many analogies is presumably too onerous and redundant to be useful. In both analogies, the biologists take advantage of the fact that fish fall into natural, evolutionary groups in order to reduce the full set of source analogs to two,7 one for each group.

Supplementation There are instances, of course, where abstraction and exemplification alone fail to provide a fully satisfactory analogy. Such an instance is provided by the analogy of reproductive strategies between Hexanchus and Latimeria. This analogy implies that Latimeria should have claspers and a penetrative organ, which it is known to lack. 4). This process of repairing one source with another may be called supplementation (Spiro et al. 1989). It is difficult to assess the exact extent to which supplementation repairs an analogy.

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Multiple Analogies in Science and Philosophy by Cameron Shelley

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