By John Philoponus, Inna Kupreeva
Of Philoponus' remark on the Meteorology in simple terms that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the 1st e-book has been preserved. it truly is translated during this sequence in volumes, the 1st masking chapters 1-3; the second one (this quantity) chapters 4-9 and 12. the topics mentioned right here comprise the character of fiery and lightweight phenomena within the sky, the formation of comets, the Milky means, the houses of wet exhalation, and the formation of hail. Philoponus will pay targeted realization to the excellence among the plain and the genuine one of the sky phenomena; he criticises Aristotle's conception of the Milky method as sublunary, and argues for its beginning within the heavenly realm; offers a close exposition of Aristotelian conception of antiperistasis, mutual substitute of the recent and the chilly, because the mechanism of condensation and similar techniques. As within the first quantity, Philoponus demonstrates scholarly erudition and familiarity with equipment and result of post-Aristotelian Greek technological know-how. regardless of the fragmented nation of the paintings and the style of remark, the reader will locate the weather of a coherent photo of the cosmos in line with an intensive re-thinking of Aristotelian meteorology and physics. the quantity could be of curiosity to all scholars of historical and medieval philosophy, background of Early sleek philosophy, heritage and philosophy of science.
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Additional info for Philoponus : on Aristotle meteorology 1.4-9, 12
R. Sorabji suggests this with respect to the attribution of nine spheres to Ptolemy by Philoponus in De opif. 7. It is perhaps important to note that speaking of eight spheres, Ptolemy refers to the spheres of ‘fixed’ stars, the sun, and the outermost of the set of nested spheres that contribute to the motion of the moon and each of the five planets (cf. 10). 11). e. 17). 25. See 116,18 and n. 355 ad loc. 26. Cf. an anonymous reference to the ‘astronomical theorems’ at 104,3-4 and n. 285; and the parallel in Theon of Smyrna on shapes of shadows (104,24 and n.
M (followed by the Aldine editor) has: kai meta asterôn kai tôn asterôn tines. Hayduck’s preferred construction might draw on the text of Aristotle for justification (tote komêtês ginetai autôn tis), but it is still anacoluthic (ginontai being used as absolute with the first subject (komêtai) and as a copula with the second subject, where we also need to supply komêtai for the second time). We need not expect Philoponus to follow Aristotle’s construction to the letter in a summary statement. Moreover, Aristotle’s criticism of Democritus’ view of comets as stars has already been discussed.
I list here some familiar terms which may have a slightly less familiar technical meaning in the text of which the reader should be aware. ‘Things, processes in the sky’ (meteôra). The Greek adjective meteôros means ‘high up’, ‘high above’. In this text, meteôra refers to those phenomena that are a part of Aristotle’s sublunary cosmos; so although they are high above, they are always below the sphere of the moon, and are made of the four sublunary elements (earth, air, fire, water). For this region I reserve the word ‘sky’, while the word ‘heaven’ translates the term ouranos used by Aristotle, among other things, to refer to the upper region of stars and planets made of the eternal imperishable element aether.
Philoponus : on Aristotle meteorology 1.4-9, 12 by John Philoponus, Inna Kupreeva