By Juha Janhunen
THE MONGOLIC LANGUAGES ed. Juha Janhunen is one other access within the Routledge Language kinfolk sequence. As is usual with the opposite volumes within the sequence, it incorporates a bankruptcy each one for some of the languages in a relations which offer a in general synchronic cartoon in their grammar and lexicon. The languages tested listed here are Written Mongol, heart Mongol, Khamnigan Mongol, Buryat, Dagur, Khalkha (the legitimate language of the Republic of Mongolia), Ordos, Oirat, Kalmuck, Moghol, Shira Yughur, Mongghul, Mangghuer, Bonan, and Santa.
Besides those articles on person languages, there also are numerous chapters in a comparative vein, best to me due to their diachronic goodness. we discover articles on Proto-Mongolic, Mongol dialects, and Intra-Mongolic taxonomy. Juha Janhunen contributed a desirable bankruptcy on "Para-Mongolic", the languages that should have been descended from a typical ancestor with Proto-Mongolic, yet can't be grouped with the surviving Mongolic languages. One such language is Khitan, which we will bet at from its nonetheless little-understood script and loanwords in Manchu. the ultimate bankruptcy of the publication is on "Turko-Mongolic relations", which exhibits how such a lot of of the similarities among the 2 language households are because of lengthy touch, and (pace Ramstedt) Proto-Mongolian used to be involved with a Chuvash-type language.
The quantity is fantastically typeset and certain, a dinner party for the eyes. my very own learn comprises the Indo-European, Uralic/Finno-Ugrian and Turkic language households, and i am a great deal an interloper in Mongolic linguistics. for this reason, i can't supply a qualified evaluate of this quantity. still, as a dilettante, i discovered it very informative and pleasing.
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THE MONGOLIC LANGUAGES ed. Juha Janhunen is one other access within the Routledge Language relatives sequence. As is usual with the opposite volumes within the sequence, it includes a bankruptcy each one for some of the languages in a relations which offer a commonly synchronic comic strip in their grammar and lexicon. The languages tested listed here are Written Mongol, heart Mongol, Khamnigan Mongol, Buryat, Dagur, Khalkha (the legitimate language of the Republic of Mongolia), Ordos, Oirat, Kalmuck, Moghol, Shira Yughur, Mongghul, Mangghuer, Bonan, and Santa.
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Extra info for The Mongolic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series)
The unstable */n was in a regular paradigmatic alternation with zero (Ø), as in *mori/n ‘horse’ : gen. *morin-u : acc. *mori/y-i. The fact that the unstable */n was not permanently present in the stem suggests that it may originally have been a suffix. Its original function remains, however, unclear; it may have been a derivative suffix, perhaps denoting a specific class of nouns, but it may also have been connected with the categories of number and case. It is probably relevant to note that the stems ending in the unstable */n were much more numerous than those ending in the stable *n, a situation that is still valid for many (though not all) Modern Mongolic languages.
In a few items, however, Written Mongol has simple vowel sequences ending in u. In the modern languages, such sequences are indistinguishable from the corresponding contractive diphthongoids, but the question is whether there was a diachronic difference. There are several possibilities: Proto-Mongolic may actually have had such vowel sequences, or the sequences may have contained an intervocalic consonant not indicated in the Written Mongol orthography, or the vowel may represent the vocalized reflex of an original syllable-final consonant (possibly *w).
Eke. It has to be noted that the opposition between the dental and palatal stops in ProtoMongolic was absent before the vowel *i. In this position, only the palatal stops *c *j were permitted, while before all other vowels the segments *c vs. *t and *j vs. *d could freely contrast. g. *tib ‘continent’ (from Sanskrit). This suggests that there had been a neutralizing process in Pre-Proto-Mongolic, changing *t *d into *c *j before the vowel *i. There is, indeed, occasional evidence of this process in the comparative material, cf.
The Mongolic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series) by Juha Janhunen