New PDF release: Atmosphere, Weather and Climate

By Roger G. Barry and Richard J. Chorley

ISBN-10: 0203428234

ISBN-13: 9780203428238

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Extra info for Atmosphere, Weather and Climate

Example text

The exceptions are ozone, which is concentrated in the lower stratosphere, and water vapour in the lower troposphere. The principal greenhouse gas is water vapour. Carbon dioxide, methane and other trace gases have increased since the Industrial Revolution, especially in the twentieth century due to the combustion of fossil fuels, industrial processes and other anthropogenic effects, but larger natural fluctuations occurred during the geologic past. Reactive gases include nitrogen and sulphur and chlorine species.

Processes, the maximum would occur in June near the equator, so the anomalous pattern must result from a poleward transport of ozone. Apparently, ozone moves from higher levels (30 to 40 km) in low latitudes towards lower levels (20 to 25 km) in high latitudes during the winter months. Here the ozone is stored during the polar night, giving rise to an ozone-rich layer in early spring under natural conditions. 1). The type of 16 The quantities of carbon dioxide, other greenhouse gases and particles in the atmosphere undergo long-term variations that may play an important role in the earth’s radiation budget.

Jiang, Y. , Yung, Y. L. and Zurek, R. W. (1996) Decadal evolution of the Antarctic ozone hole. J. Geophys. Res. 101(D4), 8985–9000. Kondratyev, K. Y. and Moskalenko, N. I. (1984) The role of carbon dioxide and other minor gaseous components and aerosols in the radiation budget. In Houghton, J. T. ) The Global Climate, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 225–33. LaMarche, V. , Jr. and Hirschboeck, K. K. (1984) Frost rings in trees as records of major volcanic eruptions. Nature 307, 121–6.

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Atmosphere, Weather and Climate by Roger G. Barry and Richard J. Chorley

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